Due by 9:00pm on Wednesday, 2/20/2019

Instructions

Download hw03.zip. Inside the archive, you will find starter files for the questions in this homework, along with a copy of the OK autograder.

Submission: When you are done, submit with python3 ok --submit. You may submit more than once before the deadline; only the final submission will be scored. Check that you have successfully submitted your code on okpy.org. See this article for more instructions on okpy and submitting assignments.

Readings: This homework relies on following references:

Questions

Question 1: Falling Factorial

Let's write a function falling, which is a "falling" factorial that takes two arguments, n and k, and returns the product of k consecutive numbers, starting from n and working downwards.

If k is larger than n, only multiply up to n consecutive numbers!

def falling(n, k):
    """Compute the falling factorial of n to depth k.

    >>> falling(6, 3)  # 6 * 5 * 4
    120
    >>> falling(4, 0)
    1
    >>> falling(4, 3)  # 4 * 3 * 2
    24
    >>> falling(4, 1)  # 4
    4
    >>> falling(4, 10)  # 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 # Only n times!!
    24
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q falling

Question 2: Nonzero

Write a function that takes in a list and returns the first nonzero entry.

def nonzero(lst):
    """ Returns the first nonzero element of a list

    >>> nonzero([1, 2, 3])
    1
    >>> nonzero([0, 1, 2])
    1
    >>> nonzero([0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0, 6])
    5
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q nonzero

Question 3: Hailstone

Complete this question using iteration!

Douglas Hofstadter's Pulitzer-prize-winning book, Gödel, Escher, Bach, poses the following mathematical puzzle:

  1. Pick a positive integer n as the start.
  2. If n is even, divide it by 2.
  3. If n is odd, multiply it by 3 and add 1.
  4. Continue this process until n is 1.

The sequence of values of n is often called a Hailstone sequence, because hailstones also travel up and down in the atmosphere before falling to earth. Write a function that takes a single argument with formal parameter name n, prints out the hailstone sequence starting at n, and returns the number of steps in the sequence:

def hailstone(n):
    """Print the hailstone sequence starting at n and return its
    length.

    >>> a = hailstone(10)
    10
    5
    16
    8
    4
    2
    1
    >>> a
    7
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"

Hailstone sequences can get quite long! Try 27. What's the longest you can find?

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q hailstone

Question 4: Classify the elements

Complete the function odd_even that classifies an number as either 'odd' or 'even' and the function classify that takes in a list and applies odd_even to all elements in the list.

def odd_even(x):
    """Classify a number as odd or even.

    >>> odd_even(4)
    'even'
    >>> odd_even(3)
    'odd'
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"

def classify(s):
    """
    Classify all the elements of a sequence as odd or even
    >>> classify([0, 1, 2, 4])
    ['even', 'odd', 'even', 'even']
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q odd_even

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q classify

Question 5: Decode

Implement a function decode, which takes in a list of pairs of numbers and returns a list of lists of decoded values.

  • The list contains pairs of the form [sex, age]
  • Sex is an int that is either 0 or 1 and age is an int between 0 and 10
  • Return a list of strings where the Sex gets replaced by "Male" for 0 and "Female" for 1, and age gets replaced by "0-9", "10-19", ..., "90-99", "100+"

See the doctests for examples.

One other thing: your answer to the decode function can only be one line long. You should make use of list comprehensions and use the helper function!

def decode_helper(pair):
    """
    Optional helper function! Could be useful to turn something like [0, 0] to 'Male 0-9'
    """
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"
    return ''

def decode(list_of_sex_age_pairs):
    """
    >>> decode([[0, 0], [1, 1], [1, 10]])
    ['Male 0-9', 'Female 10-19', 'Female 100+']
    >>> decode([[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, 2], [0, 3], [0, 4], [1, 5], [1, 6], [1, 7], [1, 8], [1, 9], [1, 10]])
    ['Male 0-9', 'Male 10-19', 'Male 20-29', 'Male 30-39', 'Male 40-49', 'Female 50-59', 'Female 60-69', 'Female 70-79', 'Female 80-89', 'Female 90-99', 'Female 100+']
    """ 
    "*** YOUR CODE HERE ***"
    

Use OK to test your code:

python3 ok -q decode